Young people

School-based education and awareness activities

It is important to provide health promotion for primary and secondary school age people. There is evidence that school-based activities have an increased chance of working if they:

  • are interactive
  • include social influences and peer leadership
  • use culturally appropriate activities
  • are tailored for the age of the children.

Linking school-based interventions into wider community activities as part of a multi-component program also seems to boost impact. This is thought to be because the effects of school-based smoking prevention programs are sustained when changes in the larger community are also present and when there is reinforcement of the program over time. A review of the evidence also recommended that 15 or more sessions are delivered to young people at school, at least up until the ages of 14 or 15 years.

Evaluated school-based health education activities for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people, include the

program, an interactive education program of seven weeks which encourages young people to be positive lifestyle role models. Since 2010 this program has been delivered to more than 250 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students across 20 schools and training centres throughout South East Queensland and has been found to have a positive impact in the urban setting on students’ knowledge, attitudes and self-efficacy regarding leadership, chronic disease and the impact of risk factors including smoking. These are recognised as important steps towards reducing the number of young people taking up smoking and increasing the number of young people who quit smoking.

Further reading